Regardless of whether you are looking for IVF for HIV- positive couples in Cyprus, you need to take care of the following things beforehand:
• It is advised to seek professional advice in order to customize advice to each person’s unique needs
• To improve their health, prevent HIV sexual transmission (AI), and—for pregnant people with HIV—minimize the risk of HIV transmission to the unborn child, people with HIV should achieve sustained viral suppression (e.g., two recorded measurements of plasma viral loads that are below the limits of detection at least 3 months apart) (AI).
• Before trying to get pregnant, both people should have their genital tracts checked for infections and treated if necessary (AII).
• If the person with HIV is receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) and has sustained viral suppression, sexual activity without the use of a condom allows conception with practically no risk of sexual HIV transmission to the person without HIV (BII).
In the following cases related to IVF for HIV-positive single men in Cyprus, more direction may be necessary:
• The HIV-positive person’s viral suppression status is unknown or they have not yet achieved sustained viral suppression.
• There are concerns that the HIV-positive person may use ART inconsistently during the preconception period or
• The provider would like to provide more details about ways to avoid sexual HIV transmission during the preconception period.
In these situations, providers may opt to offer counseling regarding the following possibilities:
Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) to Prevent HIV During Preconception, Antepartum, and Postpartum Periods describes how giving antiretroviral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) to the partner without HIV lowers the risk of sexual acquisition of HIV (AI). Even if the partner with HIV has achieved viral suppression, the partner without HIV can choose to take PrEP when the couple tries to conceive (CIII).
To lower the risk of HIV transmission and to increase the likelihood of conception, think about suggesting timing condomless sex to coincide with ovulation (peak fertility) (CIII).